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Biography of Leonardo Da Vinci Early life, — Leonardo was born on April 15,"at the third hour of the night" in the Tuscan hill town of Vinci, in the lower valley of the Arno River in the territory of Florence.
Leonardo had no surname in the modern sense, "da Vinci" simply meaning "of Vinci": He spent his first five years in the hamlet of Anchiano, then lived in the household of his father, grandparents and uncle, Francesco, in the small town of Vinci.
His father had married a sixteen-year-old girl named Albiera, who loved Leonardo but died young. In later life, Leonardo only recorded two childhood incidents. One, which he regarded as an omen, was when a kite dropped from the sky and hovered over his cradle, its tail feathers brushing his face.
The second occurred while exploring in the mountains. He discovered a cave and was both terrified that some great monster might lurk there, and driven by curiosity to find out what was inside.
Leonardo's early life has been the subject of historical conjecture. Vasari, the 16th century biographer of Renaissance painters tells of how a local peasant requested that Ser Piero ask his talented son to paint a picture on a round plaque. Leonardo responded with a painting of snakes spitting fire which was so terrifying that Ser Piero sold it to a Florentine art dealer, who sold it to the Duke of Milan.
Meanwhile, having made a profit, Ser Piero bought a plaque decorated with a heart pierced by an arrow, which he gave to the peasant. Verrocchio's workshop, — Inat the age of fourteen, Leonardo was apprenticed to one of the most successful artists of his day, Andrea di Cione, known as Verrocchio.
Verrocchio's workshop was at the centre of the intellectual currents of Florence, assuring the young Leonardo of an education in the humanities. Other famous painters apprenticed or associated with the workshop include Ghirlandaio, Perugino, Botticelli, and Lorenzo di Credi.
Leonardo would have been exposed to a vast range of technical skills and had the opportunity to learn drafting, chemistry, metallurgy, metal working, plaster casting, leather working, mechanics and carpentry as well as the artistic skills of drawing, painting, sculpting and modeling. Much of the painted production of Verrocchio's workshop was done by his employees.
This is probably an exaggeration. On close examination, the painting reveals much that has been painted or touched up over the tempera using the new technique of oil paint, the landscape, the rocks that can be seen through the brown mountain stream and much of the figure of Jesus bearing witness to the hand of Leonardo.
Leonardo himself may have been the model for two works by Verrocchio, including the bronze statue of David in the Bargello and the Archangel Michael in Tobias and the Angel. Byat the age of twenty, Leonardo qualified as a master in the Guild of St Luke, the guild of artists and doctors of medicine, but even after his father set him up in his own workshop, his attachment to Verrocchio was such that he continued to collaborate with him.
Leonardo's earliest known dated work is a drawing in pen and ink of the Arno valley, drawn on 5 August Professional life, — Court records of show that Leonardo and three other young men were charged with sodomy, and acquitted.
From that date until there is no record of his work or even of his whereabouts, although it is assumed that Leonardo had his own workshop in Florence between and Leonardo wrote a letter to Ludovico, describing his engineering and painting skill. He created a silver lyre in the shape of a horse's head, with which he was sent to Milan.
Leonardo continued work in Milan between and While living in Milan between and Leonardo listed a woman called Caterina among his dependents in his taxation documents.
When she died inher list of funeral expenditure suggests that she was his mother. His work for Ludovico included floats and pageants for special occasions, designs for a dome for Milan Cathedral and a model for a huge equestrian monument to Francesco Sforza, Ludovico's predecessor.
Leonardo modelled a huge horse in clay, which became known as the "Gran Cavallo", and surpassed in size the two large equestrian statues of the Renaissance. Seventy tons of bronze were set aside for casting it.
The monument remained unfinished for several years, which was not unusual for Leonardo. In the model was completed, and Leonardo was making detailed plans for its casting. Michelangelo rudely implied that Leonardo was unable to cast it.
At the start of the Second Italian War inthe invading French troops used the life-size clay model for the "Gran Cavallo" for target practice. With Ludovico Sforza overthrown, Leonardo, with his assistant Salai and friend, the mathematician Luca Pacioli, fled Milan for Venice, where he was employed as a military architect and engineer, devising methods to defend the city from naval attack.
On his return to Florence inhe and his household were guests of the Servite monks at the monastery of Santissima Annunziata and were provided with a workshop where, according to Vasari, Leonardo created the cartoon of The Virgin and Child with St. John the Baptista work that won such admiration that "men and women, young and old" flocked to see it "as if they were attending a great festival".
In Leonardo entered the service of Cesare Borgia, the son of Pope Alexander VI, acting as a military architect and engineer and travelling throughout Italy with his patron.
He returned to Florence where he rejoined the Guild of St Luke on 18 Octoberand spent two years designing and painting a great mural of The Battle of Anghiari for the Signoria, with Michelangelo designing its companion piece, The Battle of Cascina. In Florence inhe was part of a committee formed to relocate, against the artist's will, Michelangelo's statue of David.
In he returned to Milan. However, he did not stay in Milan for long because his father had died inand in he was back in Florence trying to sort out problems with his brothers over his father's estate.
By he was back in Milan, living in his own house in Porta Orientale in the parish of Santa Babila.Leonardo da Vinci is known as a genius during his time and a man of inspired distraction.
He was famous for being a man who had a reputation for not being able to accomplish things, but his ingenuity and uniqueness in the fields of arts and sciences has created a legacy that lasted for centuries. Leonardo da Vinci Introduction Leonardo da Vinci is among the most well known artists, designers, engineers and innovators in the history of the world.
He may in fact be the most revered and studied artist / inventor of all time, due to his creative genius and his knack for originality in thinking and design. While Leonardo da Vinci is best known as an artist, his work as a scientist and an inventor make him a true Renaissance man.
He serves as a role model applying the scientific method to every aspect of life, including art and music. Although he is best known for his dramatic and expressive artwork, Leonardo also conducted dozens of . admits Luke Syson, curator of the National Gallery's forthcoming exhibition Leonardo da Vinci: Painter at the Court of Milan when I meet him at the museum.
The G word is genius, of course. The G word is genius, of course. The personal life of Leonardo da Vinci (15 April – 2 May ) has been a subject of interest, inquiry, and speculation since the years immediately following his death. Watch video · Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, to May 2, ) was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, military engineer and draftsman — the epitome of a “Renaissance man.” With a curious mind and keen intellect, da Vinci studied the laws of science and nature, which greatly informed his work.