Astronomy origin and history

In an Italian physicist and astronomer named Galileo became the first person to point a telescope skyward.

Astronomy origin and history

Justus Sustermans — Portrait of Galileo Galilei. Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance.

His achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations and support for Copernicanism.

The History of Astronomy

Galileo has been called the "father of modern observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of science", and "the father of modern science".

Early civilizations, for example, HarappansMayansand ancient Chinese used astronomy to keep track of time, orient their cities, and to try to predict the future. Early astronomy was a mix of careful observation of the positions and motions of the heavenly bodies, religion, and astrology.

The Greeks named the stars and plotted their positions. While Europe muddled through the Dark Ages, astronomers in the Middle East translated Greek texts into Arabic, preserving and expanding humanity's knowledge of the sky. The real renaissance of astronomy began with Nicholaus Copernicuswho advanced the idea that the Sun is in the center of the Solar System.

Armed with the excellent naked-eye observations of Tycho BraheJohannes Kepler formulated his Three Laws of Planetary Motionwhich, for the first time, correctly described the way the planets move through the Solar System.

Galileo Galilei was the first person to use a telescope to look at celestial bodies though he did not invent the telescope and discovered the four brightest moons of Jupiterproving that there are things in the Solar System that don't revolve around the Sun.

Since Galileo's time, astronomy has made great strides, but, surprisingly, as late as the 's, astronomers were still debating about whether other galaxies were simply nearby nebulae, or if they were faraway "island universes," made up of billions of stars.

The first planets outside our Solar System were not discovered untiland we did not find any planets around normal stars until Who knows what discoveries the future will bring!What is the origin of the stellar classification system "OBAFGKM"?

(Intermediate) Many links to lots of different topics in the history of astronomy, from ancient astronomy to the history of aeronautics.

Also general history links. The MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive: Biographies of mathematicians, astronomers, physicists, etc. What is the origin of the stellar classification system "OBAFGKM"? (Intermediate) Many links to lots of different topics in the history of astronomy, from ancient astronomy to the history of aeronautics.

Also general history links. The MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive: Biographies of mathematicians, astronomers, physicists, etc. Astronomy is one of humanity's oldest and most fascinating sciences, beginning with the practices of the early astronomers and their assumptions.

Trace the Earliest History of Astronomy Search the site GO. Astronomy played an important role in many ancient societies.

Astronomy is one of humanity's oldest and most fascinating sciences, beginning with the practices of the early astronomers and their assumptions. Trace the Earliest History of Astronomy Search the site GO. History of Astrology Babylonian Beginnings. So in the beginning and for more than 2, years, astrology and astronomy were the same science. Babylonian astrology was introduced to the Greeks early in the 4th century B.C. and, through the studies of Plato, Aristotle, and others, astrology came to be highly regarded as a science. Astronomy is one of humanity's oldest and most fascinating sciences, beginning with the practices of the early astronomers and their assumptions. Trace the Earliest History of Astronomy Search the site GO.

Through this natural science, the ancients were able to make calendars, navigate during the night, and even explore the nature of the universe through mythology and philosophy.

Jul 26,  · Dr. Kerry Magruder is an Associate Professor in the Department of the History of Science and Curator and John H. and Drusa B.

Astronomy origin and history

Cable Chair of the History of Science Collections. Video by. Later in history, 5, to 20, years ago, humankind begins to organize themselves and develop what we now call culture. A greater sense of permanence in your daily existences leads to the development of myths, particularly creation myths to explain the origin of the Universe.

Astronomy - Wikipedia