The verb glagolati means "to speak". It has been conjectured that the name glagolitsa developed in Croatia around the 14th century and was derived from the word glagolity, applied to adherents of the liturgy in Slavonic. The first page of the Gospel of John from the Codex Zographensis.
All documented early Vulcan writing was logographic. Like Chinese characters or Egyptian hieroglyphs of Terra, individual words were originally represented by discrete symbols.
This is the case for the ancestry of both of the two primary surviving traditions. They can be thought of as iconographic—a front-end visual simplicity representing a rich, more complex history beautiful handwriting alphabets meaning in the background.
However, while visually attuned to its ancient past, modern calligraphy used for the common transfer of information is largely reformed into a phoneme-based glyph system that is essentially alphabetic.
This is the case for both of the surviving traditions, which are called vanu-tanaf-kitaun ceremonial calligraphy and gotavlu-zukitan standard script. This article will focus on the more ornate ceremonial calligraphy, of which comparisons to Terran musical notation are often made.
Note that the name vanu-tanaf-kitaun references the act of doing calligraphy as a practice, while gotavlu-zukitan refers more to the figures of the script itself.
The sample at the head of this article is the name vanu-tanaf-kitaun written in the calligraphic script.
Origins Vulcans take great pride in the origins and beauty of their orthographic traditions. Their systems have evolved over time to suit the needs of a highly logical and technologically sophisticated culture. This illustration compares the two primary writing traditions of ancient Vulcan.
Both examples are thousands of years old. The examples on the right are from the grandparent logograms that—with few modifications—are still used beautiful handwriting alphabets for writing the language. However, as mentioned previously, the modern usage when applied to everyday texts is phonetic, not iconic.
Of course, there are still Vulcan scholars and calligraphers who are students of the ancient texts and who are skilled at both reading and writing the historic forms.
And, these particular three words might easily be recognized by average Vulcans due to their legacy in everyday life. But, most ancient writing in this lefthand style vanu-tanaf-kitaun would be opaque to non-specialists. All Vulcans are familiar with the origins of the glyphs on the right because they have been recycled from logograms bikuv-kitaun into discrete letters nuhm for the modern script.
The historic words have become the letter names of the modern sounds of the script. This system will be covered in a separate article. There is also a third system in common use for informal handwriting.
It is considered purely utilitarian and rarely ever seen by non-Vulcans.
It will also be addressed in a separate article. Writing Direction Historically, Vulcan writing comes from purely vertical traditions. This is generally reflected in the letterforms themselves. However, in modern writing—influenced by modern logical standards—all Vulcan nuhm are positionally independent.
Texts can be written vertically right to left most traditional ; vertically left to right common in conjunction with Federation technology systems when blocks of text are involved ; horizontally left to right when words are mixed with FSE contexts ; horizontally right to left when mixed with scripts which are normally configured in that orientation.
Decorative contexts are the only scenarios in which it appears vertically bottom to top, or in other patterns—such as circles. Longer blocks of text typically begin with a kharat-ulidar direction markercolloquially called the patam head. The patam orients the reader unambiguously as to the direction of the writing.
It also sets a formal tone and imbues the text with a sense of propriety and respect. A proper announcement or letter would never begin without one. Computer displays or other non-formal contexts do not require following this historic protocol.
There are stylistic variations in patam. These serve as a signature or seal to identify the artist, and by reputation, the significance of the artwork.
The patam used most commonly here is a generic one with no artistic attribution and is appropriate for any typical letter or manuscript written by anyone. The essence of the plat is designed into many of the nuhm overtly, either continuously or segmented across the height or width of the letter, depending on writing orientation.
Vulcan children learn to write tanaf-kitaun on lined materials or learning tablets that display the plat as s guide. Adults must be able to write based on an imaginary line and this can be challenging, because a part of the beauty of this style is the asymmetry of many of the curves incorporated into the individual nuhm.Alphabet - Major alphabets of the world: It is generally believed, in accordance with Jewish tradition, that the Early Hebrew alphabet was superseded in the Holy Land by the Aramaic alphabet during the Babylonian Exile (– bce) and that the Aramaic script therefore became the parent of the Square Hebrew (in Hebrew ketav merubaʿ [“square script”] or ketav ashuri [“Assyrian writing.
Beautiful cursive handwriting practice worksheets made by you! Perfect connecting letters even after letters b - o - v - w. Type and watch letters magically appear on your cursive handwriting practice worksheet. Change size, color, add arrows and much more. Jun 26, · This isn’t the first time I’ve gotten into embroidered handwriting – and it probably won’t be the last!
If you’ve poked around a bit on Needle ‘n Thread, you might be familiar with my tutorials on embroidered lettering and ashio-midori.com was a fun sampler! Best for cursive writing practice of several different words.
Type words in the box and watch each word appear in its own row. The first word in the row shows how to write the letter via numbered arrows while the other words give cursive practice using dotted trace letters.
Penmanship is the technique of writing with the hand using a writing ashio-midori.com, this is most commonly done with a pen, or pencil, but throughout history has included many different ashio-midori.com various generic and formal historical styles of writing are called "hands" while an individual's style of penmanship is referred to as "handwriting.
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