Breast cancer research paper essay example

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Breast cancer research paper essay example

This is why it is such an important disease to understand. Throughout this paper there will be information about various issues which deal with breast cancer, in Breast cancer research paper essay example attempt to give better insight to the disease. First there will be a brief discussion on the normal and altered physiology of the breast followed by the etiology and possible causative factors.

Next there will be signs and symptoms which result from these alterations. Finally, the research paper will be ended with some complications and the prognosis of this disease.

Although breast cancer occurs in both men and women the prevalence is low in men. Out of every women who are diagnosed with breast cancer only one man is which is why this paper will concentrate on the disease process in women. The female breast is primarily made up of lobules, ducts, and stroma.

Breast cancer research paper essay example

Lobules are milk producing glands, ducts are the milk passages that connect the lobules to the nipple and stroma is fatty and connective tissue that surrounds the ducts, lobules, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels.

Lymphatic vessels carry lymph, a clear fluid containing waste products and immune cells. There are also lymph nodes along the lymphatic vessels; these nodes are bean-shaped collections of immune cells.

Most lymphatic vessels of the breast connect to axillary lymph nodes which can be found in the armpit. ACS, According to NABCO cancer is a group of more than different diseases and occurs when cells become abnormal and are without control or order.

The cells then continue to divide if when new ones are not needed. During the change from a normal cell to a cancerous cell, however, the cells requires many different gene alterations.

Eventually these altered genes form a tumor which may be benign non-cancerous or malignant cancerous. A benign tumor can damage local tissue but fortunately will not spread to other parts of the body.

Malignant tumors on the other hand spread to other areas of the body damaging and destroying healthy tissue.

Breast cancer research paper essay example

While comparing healthy and cancerous cells of women diagnosed with the disease his team noticed that a gene called DBC2 had been completely deleted in the cancerous cells of seven women. This recent discovery may aid in the detection of the underlying causes of breast cancer.

Beckman, As stated earlier the gene which causes inherited breast cancer is better understood. BRCA is a tumor suppressor gene. This gene is normally programmed to slow down cell division or cause cells to die at the right time. ACS, There are believed to be many risk factors of this disease, unfortunately, the reasons for the many of the risks are often unclear.

The most validated reason for breast cancer is estradiol exposure. For this reason, being a woman is the greatest risk factor of all. Women have many more breast cells which are constantly being exposed to growth hormones.

White women are also higher risk than their black counterparts, though the reason for this is not known Apantaku, ACS, Due to estradiol, an early onset of menses or the late development of menopause puts a woman at greater risk because there are an increased number of menstrual cycles leading to extra estradiol production.

For this same reason, women whose cycles are shorter than 25 days; women who have used conventional animal estrogens or synthetic hormone for more than five years; and those women who used birth control before their first pregnancy, before 20, or for more than five years before 35 double and possibly triple the risk for developing breast cancer.

Samet Hereditary, dietary and lifestyle factors are also contributors to beast cancer risk. Women whose mothers had breast cancer are at twice the risk for developing this disease, generally the younger the mother is at the time of diagnosis the greater the risk.

Yudkowsky - Bayes' Theorem

If a sister has breast cancer or a brother has prostate the risk can increase even more. Diets high in fat are also linked to this illness; because more fat cells produce more estrogen, high fats promote early onset of menstrual cycle, and there are hydrogenated fats from trans-fatty acids found in margarine which are considered cacogenic.

Increased alcohol consumption also promotes increased estrogen levels. Lack of regular, physical exercise can also be a risk factor, because exercise directly decreases estradiol absorption and improves immune response. Samet Now that some of the risk factors are known, can breast cancer be prevented?

While it is not possible to completely prevent the disease it is possible to reduce the risk with a hormone called Tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is an antiestrogen drug which is most often taken in pill form for approximately five years.

This hormone is not only used as a preventive treatment for development of cancer in those people who have not had itbut it is also used to prevent a second episode of the disease and to prevent further tumor development during the actual disease process.

Unfortunately, this therapy does not come without side effects. The use of this drug increases the risk for developing uterine carcinoma, a rare and potentially serious condition.

Other side effects include weight gain, mood swings, hot flashes, blood clots and cataracts. Because of these serious side effects it is important for a patient to weigh their options, but more often then not the benefits prevail.According to the research, such problems as obesity, overweight and weight gain increase the risk of developing 11 cancer types, and breast cancer is one of them.

The maintaining of healthy weight will help to reduce the danger of having the disease. The best sample research paper on Breast Cancer. Free example term paper on Breast Cancer for college and university students. Sample essay on Breast Cancer at ashio-midori.com Type or paste a DOI name into the text box.

Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Sep 18,  · Stage 4 Breast Cancer: This refers to the most advanced stage of breast cancer.

The cancer cells have spread to other organs, usually the bones, liver, lungs, and brain. The cancer cells have spread to other organs, usually the bones, liver, lungs, and ashio-midori.comon: N Cave Creek Rd, Phoenix, ashio-midori.comcs visitors, We’re asking for your help.

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