Infrastructure[ edit ] Though periodically unusable, the Ubangi River is nonetheless an important transportation route. Fuel supplies must be barged in via the Oubangui River or trucked overland through Cameroonresulting in frequent shortages of gasolinedieseland jet fuel.
Early history[ edit ] Approximately 10, years ago, desertification forced hunter-gatherer societies south into the Sahel regions of northern Central Africa, where some groups settled and began farming as part of the Neolithic Revolution.
Products were often moved in ceramic pots, which are the first known examples of artistic expression from the region's inhabitants. Production of coppersaltdried fishand textiles dominated the economic trade in the Central African region.
Arab slave trade The Sultan of Bangassou and his wives, During the 16th and 17th centuries slave traders began to raid the region as part of the expansion of the Saharan and Nile River slave routes.
Their captives were enslaved and shipped to the Mediterranean coast, Europe, Arabia, the Western Hemisphere, or to the slave ports and factories along the West and North Africa or South the Ubanqui and Congo rivers. French colonial period[ edit ] Main article: France created Ubangi-Shari territory in After World War I France again annexed the territory.
Modeled on King Leopold 's Congo Free Stateconcessions were doled out to private companies that endeavored to strip the region's assets as quickly and cheaply as possible before depositing a percentage of their profits into the French treasury.
The China and the central african republic companies forced local people to harvest rubber, coffee, and other commodities without pay and held their families hostage until they met their quotas. Betweena year after the French first arrived, andthe population declined by half due to diseases, famine and exploitation by private companies.
New forms of forced labor were also introduced and a large number of Ubangians were sent to work on the Congo-Ocean Railway. Through the period of construction until there was a continual heavy cost in human lives, with total deaths among all workers along the railway estimated in excess of 17, of the construction workers, from a combination of both industrial accidents and diseases including malaria.
The extent of this insurrection, which was perhaps the largest anti-colonial rebellion in Africa during the interwar years, was carefully hidden from the French public because it provided evidence of strong opposition to French colonial rule and forced labor.
MESAN continued to exist, but its role was limited.
A year later, Emperor Bokassa crowned himself in a lavish and expensive ceremony that was ridiculed by much of the world. The government violently suppressed the protests, killing children and teenagers. Bokassa himself may have been personally involved in some of the killings.
Central African Republic under Kolingba[ edit ] Kolingba suspended the constitution and ruled with a military junta until He introduced a new constitution in which was adopted by a nationwide referendum.
Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. A new constitution was approved on 28 December but had little impact on the country's politics.
During this time the Peace Corps evacuated all its volunteers to neighboring Cameroon. The Bangui Agreementssigned in Januaryprovided for the deployment of an inter-African military mission, to Central African Republic and re-entry of ex-mutineers into the government on 7 April The inter-African military mission was later replaced by a U.
Sincethe country has hosted almost a dozen peacekeeping interventions, earning it the title of "world champion of peacekeeping". On 28 Mayrebels stormed strategic buildings in Bangui in an unsuccessful coup attempt.
Several groups continued to fight but other groups signed on to the agreement, or similar agreements with the government e.
UFR on 15 December The only major group not to sign an agreement at the time was the CPJPwhich continued its activities and signed a peace agreement with the government on 25 August On 18 FebruaryUnited Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on the UN Security Council to immediately deploy 3, troops to the country, bolstering the 6, African Union soldiers and 2, French troops already in the country, to combat civilians being murdered in large numbers.HRPs are the result of OCHA’s work with humanitarian partners around the world to identify the most critical humanitarian needs, plan responses and determine the budgets needed to address them.
Russia’s “military diplomacy” in the war-torn Central African Republic is designed to stabilize part of Africa’s “Failed State Belt” and set the stage for Moscow to eventually move its peacemaking efforts in the neighboring Congo.
The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country embarking on a long path to recovery.
In , a security crisis unraveled its social fabric. May 09, · The recent attacks and the escalation of violence in the Central African Republic is nothing new. The religious conflict is deeply rooted and had not yet been adequately addressed.
Get the Amnesty International Report /18 Documenting the state of human rights in countries during Portal to international sites of MSD Animal Health, a leading animal health company, dedicated to research and development, production and marketing o.