Like many Greeks, Aristotle did not believe in the existence of inherently bad behaviors.
Virtue ethics is a theory used to make moral decisions. It does not rely on religion, society or culture; it only depends on the individuals themselves. The main philosopher of Virtue Ethics is Aristotle.
His theory was originally introduced in ancient Greek times. Aristotle was a great believer in virtues and the meaning of virtue to him meant being able to fulfil one's functions.
Virtue ethics is not so much interested in the question 'What should I do? Instead of concentrating on what is the right thing to do, virtue ethics asks how you can be a better person.
Aristotle says that those who do lead a virtuous life are very happy and have sense of well-being. Happiness is the ultimate goal for everyone in life. Aristotle's definition of happiness is, 'happiness is the activity of the soul in accord with perfect virtue'.
To become a better person, we must practice virtuous acts regularly. After a while, these acts will become a habit and so the virtuous acts part of our every day life and the person will be leading a virtuous life.
For example, if a singer practices singing everyday, they will become better at it and used to doing it. People who practice their virtues improve their skills and therefore becoming happier. According to Aristotle the person who struggles to acquire virtues is in the long run a better person and is much happier as they feel that they deserve that happiness as they have worked very hard for it.
By continuously practicing their virtues people will soon be acting in the right way.
Aristotle says that virtues are something that we acquire and are not just born with; people are not intrinsically good or bad, but become good or bad according to their habits they develop throughout their lives. When a person learns how to use the virtues, they become the characteristic of the person.
For example, a person who has learnt the virtue of generosity is often called a generous person because he or she is generous in all situations. Aristotle says we are most likely to acquire virtues by observing others in our society. If we experience other people being kind to us and see the happiness it creates we are more likely to practice this virtue then if we were just told to practice it.
Aristotle said that the best way of becoming virtuous was to follow in the footsteps of a virtuous person, e. Aristotle said that a virtue was a 'Golden Mean' in between two vices. These Vices are two extremes of the scale; one vice of excess and one vice of deficiency.
For example, for the virtue 'modesty', the vice of excess would be bashfulness and the vice of deficiency would be shamelessness.
Aristotle mentions 12 virtues that all fall between two vices.Disease Control Priorities In Developing Countries: T+ 18 MB: The Model Preacher: Comprised In A Series Of Letters Illustrating The Best Mode Of Preaching The Gos.
Summary of the Aristotle philosophy of Virtue Ethics: Aristotle defined Virtue as a habit of choice, the characteristic of which lies in the observation of the mean or of moderation (relative to the circumstances of the individual concerned), as it is determined by reason or as the practically prudent man would determine it.
Aristotle was a great philosopher during the forth century B. Throughout his article "Virtue Ethics", he concentrates upon the concepts of virtue and happiness.
"happiness is an activity of soul in accordance with perfect virtue(p. )."/5(16). - Aristotle's ethics consist of a form of virtue ethics, in which the ethical action is that which properly complies with virtue(s) by finding the mean within each particular one.
Aristotle outlines two types of virtues: moral/character virtues and intellectual virtues. Aristotle's ethics consist of a form of virtue ethics, in which the ethical action is that which properly complies with virtue(s) by finding the mean within each particular one.
Aristotle outlines two types of virtues: moral/character virtues and intellectual virtues. Aristotle’s Virtue Theory The extent of Aristotle’s role in philosophy is outlined, including his concept of teleology and causation.
In particular his theory of virtue is examined with examples.
The lecture concludes with an overall discussion of virtue theory.