English Catholicism was strong and popular in the early s, and while there were those who held Protestant sympathies, they would have remained a religious minority if political events had not intervened. Derived from the writings of John Wycliffea 14th-century theologian and Bible translator, Lollardy stressed the primacy of Scripture and emphasised the preaching of the word over the sacrament of the altarholding the latter to be but a memorial. Unable to gain access to the levers of power, the Lollards were much reduced in numbers and influence by the 15th century. They sometimes faced investigation and persecution and rarely produced new literature after
It was a revival of Biblical and New Testament theology. While Luther had no idea of the impact this would make on the German society and the world, this event changed the course of history. It marks the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of modern times.
There were also groups outside the Roman Church, such as the Albigenses and Waldenses. They opposed the Roman Church and their blood flowed like water in martyrdom.
Men such as John WycliffeJohn Hussand Gerolamo Savonarola spoke out against the papacy, auricular confession, purgatory, pilgrimages, worship of saints, relics, etc.
Huss and Savonarola were burned at the stake as heretics.
Rome herself made some halfhearted attempts to reform at the Councils of PisaConstance and Baselbut these were not successful. There was a group within the Roman Impact of the english reformation and called The Brethren of the Common Life that came into existence around for the specific purpose of bringing reform.
God appointed the 16th century to be the time of reformation, and had pre-pared the Church in many ways for this reformation. Religious, economic and political factors that had been brewing for centuries set the stage for the Reforma-tion.
The papacy was corrupt; monasticism and scholastic theology had declined; mysticism was on the upswing; there was a revival of the Greek and Roman classics; men with a spirit of inquiry and independence were discovering the new world; the printing press had been invented, and the Greek New Testament republished.
The Renaissance was also a factor in that it chal-lenged men to use their minds - but the Renaissance was purely secular, not religious. The Renaissance brought humanism, but the Reformation brought true Christianity. Some men have wrongly called the Protestant Reformation a Protestant revolution because much of the Reformation was political and economic.
Men forget that because the Roman Church controlled everything, it was necessary for the Reformation to include political and economic elements.
If Protestants were to survive, they had to have political and economic power to hold off Rome. Also, it was common for a prince and his whole province to turn Protestant. Later, even kings and whole countries embraced the Protestant faith. Providence forced the Reformers to participate in politics and economics.
While some secular rulers used the Reformation for their own greed, many more threw in their lot with the Reformers from a deep religious conviction of serving the one true God through Christ. In the first aspect it was a great revolt against the see of Rome, and against the authority of the church and of churchmen in religious matters, combined with an assertion of the exclusive authority of the Bible, and of the right of all men to examine and interpret it for themselves.
They were unique in the history of the church as men of intellectual ability and passion for Jesus Christ. Most of what they wrote is still as relevant today as when it was written, for most of the same issues prevail at this very hour.
The Reformers set forth the Bible and opposed all false religious systems. It should be remembered that the Reformers were all born, baptized, confirmed and educated in the Roman Catholic Church, and most of them had served as priests at her altars with the solemn vow of obedience to the pope on their conscience.
The Reformers did not always agree with one another in their doctrine. It would be impossible to get a group of men to agree on all things all the time.
Still, there was more unity among the Reformers than there has been among any Protestants since the Reformation. The Reformers declared the Bible to be the only rule of faith and practice. They believed that God had made a revelation in written form to men in the Bible.
They taught that the Bible was inspired by God and authoritative, and that it took precedence over the declarations of popes, church tradition and church councils.
They asserted that men, under the illumination of the Holy Spirit, are to study the Bible to learn about God, Christ, salvation, and church government and practices. They encouraged Christians to read and study their Bibles in a scholarly way so as to form a biblical theology based on the authority of the Scriptures alone.THE CAUSE AND RESULTS OF THE REFORMATION Reformation Men and Theology, Lesson 2 of 11 by Dr.
Jack L. Arnold INTRODUCTION. The Reformation was the greatest religious movement for Christ since the early church. Having far-reaching political, economic, and social effects, the Reformation became the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity.
Calvin, John Portrait of John Calvin by Henriette Rath; ” The English . Feb 17, · Well, it is down to all of those, really. If it were as simple as any one of these options, there would be little mystery. They were all necessary for the English Reformation, but not one by itself was sufficient to bring about the chain of events that would eventually alter England and Englishness forever.
Counter-Reformation: Counter-Reformation, the Roman Catholic efforts directed in the 16th–17th century against the Protestant Reformation and toward internal renewal. Learn more about the history, key reformers, educational and missionary endeavors, and legacy of the Catholic Counter-Reformation.
Henry VIII's reformation of the church is one of the most famous and important events in English history. The people of York felt its impact more than most. The door at Wittenberg’s Castle Church where Martin Luther reportedly posted his 95 Theses, launching the Protestant Reformation.
At the time, the door served as a sort of university bulletin board.