ITERS-3 focuses on the full range of needs of infants and toddlers and provides a framework for improving program quality. Further, the scale assesses both environmental provisions and teacher-child interactions that affect the broad developmental milestones of infants and toddlers, including:
Using these 10 components as a guide, The NYS Infant and Toddler Resource Network is helping child care programs improve the quality of care for our babies, toddlers and their families. Programs often start with tangible changes to the environment and the structure of the program and then advance towards changing practices that promote relationship based care between children, caregivers and families.
The full set of regulations can be found at www. Early care and education focuses on the unique learning abilities of babies and toddlers and trains caregivers how to plan appropriate activities, how to use daily routines to bond with babies, and how to provide cognitive stimulation through conversation, interaction and responsive relationships.
Age Appropriate Environments Click Here Children under 3 learn through continuously exploring and interacting with their environment, which includes the emotional climate of a child care setting as well as the physical space.
Babies and toddlers need safe spaces for quiet and active play both inside and outdoorssafe spaces for sleeping, and spaces to interact one-on one with individual caregivers.
Within the environment they need toys and activities selected Infant toddler environment for individual interests and abilities rather than one-size-fits-all group play. Small Groups with Optimal Ratios Click Here Group size and adult child ratios determine the amount of time and attention each caregiver can devote to each child.
Infants need individualized care and one-on-one time for interactions and routines. As they grow, they can play more independently and can handle small group activities.
NY State regulations require: Primary Caregiver and Continuity of Care Click Here Assigning each child a primary caregiver promotes the caring one-on-one relationships that help babies thrive. A baby develops trust as her primary caregiver learns to respond appropriately to her unique temperament, her needs and her interests by being the one who almost always diapers her, feeds her, puts her to sleep, and communicates with her family.
This holistic relationship provides the security and trust that enables the child to explore and flourish in group care. Ideally, a child has the same primary caregiver until age three, which spares her the trauma of leaving someone to whom she is securely attached and having to adjust all over again to someone who does not know her.
Stability is important for healthy emotional development, which provides the underpinnings for all other areas of development. The primary caregiving system encourages responsiveness. Curriculum, Observation and Individualized Programming Click Here The 0 — 3 curriculum is based upon a sound understanding of child development and appropriate practices while taking into account the individual needs and temperaments of each child in care.
Caregivers plan for each day, individualizing activities, materials and schedules according to the routines of each child and his or her developmental stage.
Observation and discussion among caregivers and families provides deeper understanding of each child and a basis for documenting developmental progress towards stated goals.
Emerging Language and Literacy Click Here The path to literacy begins with conversations between caregivers and young children.
Research tells us that a caregiver is laying the foundation for language and reading when she talks aloud to a baby throughout the day, repeating back his babbling, asking him questions, reading him books, and singing him songs.
A caregiver promotes language development when she uses simple words and keeps a balance between listening and talking with the child and provides a childcare environment rich with age-appropriate books, interesting pictures and photos to talk about, labels, and other printed material.
High quality programs incorporate practices that reflect the values and beliefs of the families and the cultures of their communities.
In their work with families, caregivers respect differences and strive to become more culturally competent. Comprehensive Support Services Click Here In addition to providing a protective and enriching environment for children, high quality child care serves as a source of support for families.Infant Mental Health A Definition.
In young children, mental health means healthy social and emotional development, defined as "the developing capacity of the young child to experience, regulate, and express emotions; form close and secure interpersonal relationships; and explore the environment and learn, in the context of a caregiving environment .
Official DFPS approved infant toddler online training courses for childcare providers, parents and childcare licensing staff. Resources 10 Components of Infant and Toddler Care 10 Components of High Quality Child Care for Infants and Toddlers National experts have identified 10 research based components that are essential to high quality child care.
By the time your child is about 4 years old, he will have established his own preferences and habits related to food. Creating a healthy eating environment, both at home and in child care, for your infant or toddler is the best way to help him develop healthy eating habits that will likely last into adulthood.
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