The history of the battle of somme

The Battle of the Somme Citation:

The history of the battle of somme

Battle of The Somme, Fought between July 1 and November 1, near the Somme River in France, it was also one of the bloodiest military battles in history. On the first day alone, the British suffered more than 57, casualties, and by the end of the campaign the Allies and Central Powers would lose more than 1.

The Somme campaign in was the first great offensive of World War I for the British, and it produced a more critical British attitude toward the war. During and after the Somme, the British army started a real improvement in tactics. Also, the French attacked at the Somme and achieved greater advances on July 1 than the British did, with far fewer casualties.

But it is the losses that are most remembered. The first day of the Somme offensive, July 1,resulted in 57, British casualties, greater than the total combined British casualties in the Crimean, Boer, and Korean wars.

In contrast, the French, with fewer divisions, suffered only around 2, casualties. By the time the offensive ended in November, the British had suffered aroundcasualties, and the French aboutGerman casualty numbers are controversial, but may be aboutCity of Verdun How did this happen?

In earlythe French proposed a joint Franco-British offensive astride the river Somme. Because of Verdun, the British army assumed the major role of the Somme offensive.

The history of the battle of somme

Hence, on July 1,the British army attacked north of the Somme with fourteen infantry divisions, while the French attacked astride and south of the Somme with five divisions. In defense, the German army deployed seven divisions. The two differed about the depth of the offensive and the length of the bombardment, so the adopted plan was an awkward mixture.

The artillery was the key to the offensive, but it did not have the ability to cut all the wire, destroy deep German trenches, knock out all enemy guns, or provide a useful barrage for the infantry attack. And at zero hour on July 1, the artillery shifted away from the German front trenches too quickly and left the infantry exposed.

But the French, with Verdun experience, had much more heavy artillery and attacked in rushes, capturing more ground and suffering less. After July 1, a long stalemate settled in, with the German army digging defenses faster than Allied attacks could take place.

Despite small advances, the Somme became a bloody battle of attrition, and Haig has been criticized for prolonging the campaign into winter, especially for the last six weeks.The Battle of the Somme was one of the largest battles of World War I, and among the bloodiest in all of human history.

The Battle of the Somme was one of the largest battles of World War I, and. Nov 12,  · Watch video · The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was one of the largest battles of the First World War. Fought between July 1 and November 1, , near the Somme River in France, it.

May 26,  · The Battle of the Somme has been immortalised as the greatest disaster in British military history, when 57, British soldiers became casualties in a single day, 1st July - .

The Battle of the Somme, fought in northern France, was one of the bloodiest of World War One. For five months the British and French armies fought the Germans in a brutal battle of attrition on a. The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was one of the largest battles of the First World War.

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Battle of The Somme, Fought between July 1 and November 1, near the Somme River in France, it was also one of the bloodiest military battles in history. The Battle of the Somme started on July 1 st It lasted until November For many people, the Battle of the Somme was the battle that symbolised the horrors of warfare in World War One; this one battle had a marked effect on overall casualty figures and seemed to epitomise the futility of trench warfare.

BBC - iWonder - The Battle of the Somme: days of horror