War on terrorism

See Article History War on terrorism, term used to describe the American-led global counterterrorism campaign launched in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, In its scope, expenditure, and impact on international relationsthe war on terrorism was comparable to the Cold War ; it was intended to represent a new phase in global political relations and has had important consequences for security, human rightsinternational lawcooperation, and governance. The war on terrorism was a multidimensional campaign of almost limitless scope. Its military dimension involved major wars in Afghanistan and Iraqcovert operations in Yemen and elsewhere, large-scale military-assistance programs for cooperative regimes, and major increases in military spending.

War on terrorism

Measuring progress in irregular warfare without frontlines is always difficult. And much has changed since that campaign began 15 years ago. The constellation of groups claiming allegiance to them is far from an effective alliance, and the Islamic State has been contained. On the other side of the ledger, the targeted groups have survived, their determination seems undiminished, and their ideology remains powerful.

They are deeply embedded in a number of fragile, divided, conflict-ridden states. Persistent foes, they are able to operate underground and capable of comebacks if pressure on them subsides. The conflict will go on. Are we through it yet?

Nearly 15 years on, we are not through it yet. Nor is it clear how much further we have to go, although that is not surprising.

Long wars have no signs telling us how many miles remain to the destination. The armies of Central Europe did not know in that they were halfway through the Thirty Years War. We will not know how close to or far from the end we were until the war is over. The effort has now occupied two U. Americans see warfare as a finite undertaking, but conflicts of this nature can go on for many years.

Some in the United States warn of an unending war. The effort has come at a heavy cost. Adding the 4, U. Reports vary, but an estimated several thousand American civilian contractors also have been killed in the two wars, bringing the total to somewhere around 10, Another approximately 50, American military personnel have been wounded in the two wars.

How Do We Measure Success? Americans are pragmatists who want to see a return on their investments. And they are impatient. By now, we should have results, or at the very least, signs of progress.

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Are we winning or losing? Without frontlines, how do we measure? What do we count? Progress is difficult to assess in this type of contest. There are no obvious metrics. Warfare itself has increasingly become a matter of manipulating perceptions.

This is especially true in the realm of terrorism. Terrorist attacks are designed to be dramatic events, calculated to capture attention and create alarm, which will cause people to exaggerate the strength of the terrorists and the threat they pose. The public sees every terrorist attack as a failure, a battle lost.

A framework of war allows for the possibility that the adversary will fight back, but every terrorist attack is seen as proof that counterterrorism efforts are not working. Credibility is another problem. Premature claims by U. Every claim of progress is challenged. The political debate contributes to the atmosphere of fear.Sep 11,  · The war on terrorism was a multidimensional campaign of almost limitless scope.

Its military dimension involved major wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, covert operations in Yemen and elsewhere, large-scale military-assistance programs for cooperative regimes, and major increases in military spending. Sep 11,  · War on terrorism.

War on terrorism

In its scope, expenditure, and impact on international relations, the war on terrorism was comparable to the Cold War; it was intended to represent a new phase in global political relations and has had important consequences for security, human rights, international law, cooperation, and governance.

The phrase "War on Terror" was first officially used. October 1 Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terrorists carried out the Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly car bombing in the city of Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir, India, killing 38 and injuring October 7 The War in Afghanistan begins.

Sep 11,  · The war on terrorism was a multidimensional campaign of almost limitless scope.

War on terrorism

Its military dimension involved major wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, covert operations in Yemen and elsewhere, large-scale military-assistance programs for cooperative regimes, and major increases in military spending.

In September , the administration of US president George W Bush launched the “Global War on Terror.” Though “global” has long since been dropped from the. Nov 01,  · CIA & the War on Terrorism "Today we mark twelve years since the terrible attacks that shook our Homeland on September 11, - a tragedy that had a profound impact on our Agency, the Nation, and the world.