Fruits are natural staple food of man containing essential nutrients in adequate proportion. Fruits are excellent sources of minerals, vitamins and enzymes. They are easily digested and bring about a cleansing effect on the blood and the digestive tract. Hence, the ailments usually caused by the consumption of unnatural foods can easily be treated with fruits.
Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division [ not in citation given ] Oranges and orange juice[ edit ] About a third of citrus fruit production goes for processing: Demand for fresh and processed oranges continues to rise in excess of production, especially in developed countries.
Citrus canker Citrus production is often cut short in many areas by outbreaks of bacteria known as Xanthomonas axonopodis, or Citrus cankerwhich cause unsightly lesions on all parts of the plant, affecting tree vitality and early drop of fruit. While not harmful to human consumption, the fruit becomes too unsightly to be sold, and entire orchards are often destroyed to protect the outbreak from spreading.
Citrus leafminer moths are a major concern where citrus canker exists. The openings created by citrus leafminer make the tree highly susceptible to the X. Citrus greening disease in Florida[ edit ] Introductory and effects of disease[ edit ] Huanglongbing HLBcalled citrus greening within the industry, is recognized as the deadliest citrus disease the Florida citrus industry has ever faced.
Citrus greening is being attributed for a total output impact of The psyllid was previously introduced into Florida in At this time citrus greening was never found within the state, thus the psyllids spread was left unchecked.
By the time citrus greening had reached Florida psyllid populations were well established throughout the state of Florida.
The first positive case of greening disease was in Augustwhen a greening positive citrus tree was discovered in Miami-Dade County. It was at this time the entire Florida citrus industry changed its citriculture practices overnight.
Intensive pesticide applications, aggressive removal of citrus greening positive trees, and the complete switch from outdoor to indoor citrus nursery operations transpired. A tree will develop yellow shoots instead of the expected deep green colors.
The disease presents itself on the leaves by giving an asymmetrical blotchy-mottle appearance. This is the key diagnosing characteristic of citrus greening.
On affected limbs, fruit tend to be lopsided. The fruit will also never ripen and have a sour taste, making them unmarketable for both juice and fresh fruit productions.
In later stages of infection the tree will suffer from heavy leaf drop, high percentages of fruit drop, and deep twig die back. All commercial citrus growers are advised in applying two dormancy pesticide sprays. These broad-spectrum pesticide sprays are applied in winter when adult psyllid populations decline to almost exclusive overwintering adults.
With this strategy, significant reductions of populations withhold for up to 6 months. The spring flush typically occurs 3 months past winter. These growers may spray pesticides up to 7 times a year rotating various pesticides to employ different modes of actions against the psyllid.
The spraying of pesticides is the only method of control for the citrus greening vector, the psyllid. It is impossible to kill all psyllids through pesticides, thus strategic timing of pesticide sprays are done to try and slow the gradual spread of HLB throughout the citrus grove.
Unfortunately, at this time it is inevitable that a commercial citrus grove will reach percent infection rates even with aggressive sprays. Current research is aimed at the goal of giving the greatest yields for the lowest costs.
Indeed, these lower costs are necessitated by the increased per acre cost of caretaking brought upon by Huanglongbing infection. Per pound prices of citrus must continue increasing for citrus to remain profitable due to disease pressure.Oranges account for the majority of citrus production but the industry also sees significant quantities of grapefruits, pomeloes, lemons, and limes History.
While the origin of citrus fruits Every year citrus reports indicate a continued loss of citrus production. Year Round Production Of Oranges In Nigeria.
Popular Tags. Oranges vs A Family Supper: Round Characters The Land of Sad Oranges and A Family Supper are two stories that are strikingly different from each other in terms of plot and storyline, and yet share the common elements of sadness and the presence of round characters.
Citrus Production, Nigeria. Gallery; Special Features; Most citrus production is accounted for by oranges, but significant quantities of grape fruits, lemons and limes are also grown. Fruit industry in Nigeria began under the western Regional government of Chief Obafemi Awolowo in the ’s.
As a result of the down-turn in cocoa trade. Year Round Production Of Oranges In Nigeria Year Round Production Of Oranges In Nigeria. Nigerians, like many other Africans, believe that certain fruits like orange only grow in particular conditions. This can't be any further from the reality.
In developed countries, most if not absolutely all the fruits are for sale to use all year-round. Year-round Production. One important aspect of year-round production is the culture of the orange tree.
Recently, it has been discovered that close-spacing the plants in an orange grove might cause reduction in productivity, and there is also the argument that in close-planted groves, it is quite expensive to prune.
This write-up is focused on year-round orange production in rural Nigeria. Growing oranges demands the maintenance of certain climatic conditions like temperature and wind intensity although there are other issues less related to the climate such as pest control, irrigation and fertilizer application.